At Today’s Cottage Living, we understand how important it is to choose the right heating option for your home or vacation property.

pellet stoves vs propane
Pellets vs Propane

In this article, we’ll compare pellet stoves vs propane heating, highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Lets get into it!

Why can you trust us?

As a property owner with a passion for country living, I’ve covered a variety of topics and written several articles on everything from best firewood practices, and wood stoves, to DIY construction projects. This guide combines my years of hands-on experience, together with extensive research from experts on the topic to help ensure a well-rounded perspective.

Pellet Stoves vs Propane

Pellet Stoves Pellet stoves are a type of wood-burning stove that use compressed wood pellets as fuel. Here are some advantages of pellet stoves: 

  • Energy efficiency: Pellet stoves are highly efficient, with efficiency ratings ranging from 70% to 90%. This means they burn fuel cleanly and produce more heat for fuel used. 
  • Eco-friendliness: Pellet stoves are a renewable energy source that produces low emissions. Burning pellets produce less carbon dioxide than burning fossil fuels. 
  • Cost: While the upfront cost of a pellet stove can be higher than other heating options, the cost of fuel is generally lower than propane or oil. 
  • Aesthetics: Pellet stoves can add a cozy and rustic touch to your home, and many models have stylish designs. 

However, there are some potential downsides to consider: 

  • Maintenance: Pellet stoves require regular cleaning and maintenance to prevent buildup of ash and soot. 
  • Noise: Pellet stoves can be noisy, with the sound of pellets being fed into the stove and the blower fan that circulates heat. 
  • Power source: Pellet stoves require electricity to run, so they won’t work during power outages. 

Propane Heating Propane heating is a popular choice for many homeowners, especially those in rural areas. Propane is a gas that’s stored in a tank and delivered to your home as needed. Here are some advantages of propane heating: 

  • Convenience: Propane is easy to use and requires minimal maintenance. You don’t need to worry about storing or handling fuel, as it’s delivered to your home. 
  • Reliability: Propane heating systems are very reliable and can provide consistent heat even during power outages. 
  • Safety: Propane is a safe and clean-burning fuel when used properly. Modern propane heating systems have built-in safety features, such as automatic shutoff valves. 

Related Article: Burning wood vs natural gas

However, there are some potential downsides to consider: 

  • Cost: Propane is generally more expensive than other heating options, including natural gas and wood pellets. 
  • Environmental impact: Propane is a fossil fuel that produces carbon dioxide when burned, contributing to greenhouse gas emissions. 
  • Tank maintenance: Propane tanks require regular inspection and maintenance to ensure they’re safe and in good condition. 

Comparison When deciding between pellet stoves and propane heating, there are several factors to consider: 

  • Cost: While pellet stoves may have a higher upfront cost, the cost of fuel is generally lower than propane. Over time, this can lead to significant savings. 
  • Energy efficiency: Pellet stoves are generally more energy-efficient than propane heating systems, which means they produce more heat for fuel used. 
  • Environmental impact: Pellet stoves are a renewable energy source that produces low emissions, while propane is a fossil fuel that contributes to greenhouse gas emissions. 
  • Convenience: Propane is more convenient than pellet stoves, as it requires less maintenance and handling of pellets.  
  • Safety: Both pellet stoves and propane heating systems have safety features, but propane may be a safer option if you’re concerned about potential fire hazards. 

Ultimately, the best choice or your home will depend on your specific needs and preferences. If you’re looking for an eco-friendly and energy-efficient heating option, a pellet stove may be the best choice for you. However, if you prioritize convenience and reliability, propane heating may be a better fit. 


For vacation properties that are not occupied all the time but need to maintain a minimum temperature to prevent the plumbing from freezing, propane heating (or electric) will be the best option. Pellet stoves need to be manually loaded with pellets so they are not a viable heating option for unoccupied homes.

Pellet stoves can be viable option for heating your home or vacation property as long as someone is home to feed pellets into the hopper. Propane offers the convenience of providing continuous heat whether the home is occupied or vacant.

With local propane service providers monitoring your fuel levels, propane heating is ideally suited to vacation properties. However, if you only need heat when your home is occupied, pellet stoves can be a great option.


What happens to a pellet stove when the power goes out? 

When the power goes out, a pellet stove that relies on electricity to operate will stop working, as it needs electricity to power the blower, auger, and other components that feed and distribute the pellets and control the stove’s functions. This can be inconvenient and potentially dangerous if the stove is the primary source of heat during a power outage.  

Some newer models of pellet stoves are equipped with battery backup systems that can keep the stove operating for several hours, allowing for continued heating during a power outage.  

It’s also a great idea to use a generator or other backup power source to power the stove during an extended outage, but this should only be done with caution and following the manufacturer’s instructions to avoid damage or safety risks. 

Can you get carbon monoxide poisoning from a pellet stove? 

Yes, it is possible to get carbon monoxide poisoning from a pellet stove, just like any other wood-burning appliance. Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless gas that can be produced by incomplete combustion of wood pellets or other fuels.  

When a pellet stove is not properly installed, vented, or maintained, it can produce high levels of carbon monoxide that can cause symptoms such as headaches, nausea, dizziness, confusion, and even death.  

To minimize the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning from a pellet stove, it is important to have it installed and serviced by a qualified professional, to use only high-quality pellets that meet the stove’s requirements, to ensure that the stove is properly vented and that the chimney is clean and free of obstructions, and to install carbon monoxide detectors in the same room as the stove and in other areas of the house as recommended by the manufacturer. 

Should I unplug my pellet stove during the summer? 

It is generally recommended to unplug or turn off your pellet stove during the summer when it is not needed for heating. This can help to prolong the life of the stove and its components, as well as reduce the risk of electrical problems or fire hazards.  

However, before shutting down the stove, it is important to clean it thoroughly and to inspect it for any damage or wear that may need repair before the next heating season. 

Do pellet stoves make house Dusty? 

Today’s pellet stoves are designed to minimize dust and emissions, and many models feature advanced air-washing and filtering systems that can help to reduce dust and improve indoor air quality.  

Additionally, regular cleaning and maintenance of the stove, including the removal of ashes and debris, the cleaning of the glass and other surfaces, and the inspection and cleaning of the venting system, can help to reduce dust and improve the overall performance and safety of the stove. 

How do you dispose of ashes from a pellet stove? 

Proper disposal of ashes from a pellet stove is important to prevent fire hazards and ensure safe handling. Here are some general steps for disposing of ashes from a pellet stove: 

  • Let the ashes cool down: Before handling the ashes, it is important to let them cool down completely to avoid the risk of fire or burns. This can take several hours or even overnight, depending on the size and temperature of the fire. 
  • Use a metal ash bucket: When removing the ashes from the stove, use a metal ash bucket or other non-combustible container with a tight-fitting lid to collect the ashes. Avoid using plastic, paper, or other flammable containers. 
  • Do not mix with other materials: Only collect and store ashes in the bucket. Do not mix them with other materials, such as garbage, leaves, or grass, as this can increase the risk of fire. 
  • Store in a safe place: Store the ash bucket in a safe and dry place, away from combustible materials and out of reach of children and pets. 

It is important to handle pellet stove ash carefully to avoid inhaling the fine particles, which can irritate the lungs and respiratory system. Additionally, if you plan to use pellet stove ash as a fertilizer or soil amendment, make sure to apply it in moderation and avoid overexposure to the dust. 

If you are concerned about the safety of pellet stove ash, you can have it tested for contaminants or seek advice from a local environmental agency or health department. Additionally, make sure to follow safe handling procedures, such as wearing gloves and a dust mask, and avoid using ash from pellets that have been treated with chemicals or additives. 

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Greg Jones

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